With the development of modern technology, it becomes more and more frequent for us to communicate with people from other countries. Sometimes it will be difficult for us to do business with others because of language barriers, thus we need translators here, when reading works in other country's language, translation will become more important. The following is some methods and skills about translation for English-Chinese, if you will have a translation work about that, hoping the following suggestion can help you.
II. The Structure of Sentences
There are three main translation skills for sentence structure: word order type, the combination of words and the conversion class.
When writing English sentences, it is both OK for you to put time adverbial front or back. What's more, it is convenient for you to put adverbials such as result, condition etc You can put in front or back. While in Chinese, the statement always accords with sequence of time and logic, therefore, no matter sequential translation or reverse translation, actually it is always with the same Chinese habit. If English statement is the same as Chinese, it is sequential translation, otherwise, it is reverse translation.
The choice of sequential translation or reverse translation, it depends on the personal preferences.
For short period of restrictive attributive clauses and appositive of identity and characters in English, when translating, you can always put it before the antecedent.
It is very common for English long sentences and nested sentences because empty words are very active in English with strong generative capacity such as conjunctions, relative pronouns, relative adverbs etc, they all can form compound sentence, composite sentence and some other combining forms.
Though it is very difficult for you to translate the sentences in such forms, there are still solutions. Though they are long sentence, there are still the main body and several other declaration parts such as attributive clause, adverbial clause etc. Before translating, you should find the main body first, after having stated the main part clearly then you will deal with the resting parts. In the way, it will be easier for you to explain the sentence clearly with good translation.
To deal with some particularly difficult and active sentence, and it is difficult for you to translate it one word by another word, then you should analysis the whole sentence in comprehensive treatment, understanding that translation is another kind of recreation. After induction, you will understand the sentence clearly and state it in your own words.
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